Lewis et al. (1997): study GB 1995 /1


Lewis, C.A.; DeFockert, J.; Joseph, S.; Lanigan, C.
Religiosity and Happiness: No Evidence for an Association among Undergraduates.
Personality and Individual Differences, 1997, Vol. 22. 119 - 121


University students, Great Britan, 1995
Non-probability chunk sample
N = 67
Non Response
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 25 questions:

A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week.
A  I felt sad
B  I felt I had failed as a person
C  I felt dissatisfied with my life
D  I felt mentally alert
E  I felt disappointed with myself
F  I felt cheerful
G  I felt life wasn't worth living
H  I felt satisfied with my life
I   I felt healthy
J  I felt life crying
K  I felt I had been successful
L  I felt happy
M  I felt I couldn't make decisions
N  I felt unattractive
O  I felt optimistic about the future
P  I felt life was rewording
Q  I felt cheerless
R  I felt life has a purpose
S  I felt too tired to do anything
T  I felt pleased with the way I am
U  I felt lethargic
V  I found it easy to make decisions
W I felt life was enjoyable
X  I felt life was meaningless
Y  I felt run down

Answer options:
0  never
1  rarely
2  sometimes
3  often

Negative affect score (NAS): A, B, C,  E, G, J, M, N, Q, S, U, X, Y.
Positive affect score   (PAS): D, F, H,  I,  K,  L, O, P, R, T, V, W.
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS + 39

Name: McGreal & Joseph 'Depression-Happiness Scale'  (DHS)
Author's label:
Depression and Happiness Scale
range 16 -69
Page in publication:
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 75 On range 0-10
48.76 -
11.63 -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding religiousness Current religious beliefs Purpose in life Purpose In Life test (Crumbauch)