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Studies

Lewis (1972): study US 1967

Publication

Author(s):
Lewis, M.A.
Title:
Actual and Perceived Age Differences in Self-Concept and Psychological Well-Being for Catholic Sisters.
Source:
Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Syracuse University, 1972, USA

Investigation

Public:
24-75 aged Catholic sisters, Eastern USA. 196?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 183
Non Response:
34%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being.
Remarks:
42% +3 or more, 33% +1 or +2, 14% 0, 11% -1 or less
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:
  
Taking all together: how happy would you say you are? Would you say you are?
3  very happy
2  pretty happy
1  not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-3-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being.

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Current age (in years) Positive self- concept Evaluation of self-as-a-whole Self-concept compo- nents Current self-characterization Psychological well- being O-HL by A-AB