print

Studies

Levy et al. (1988): study US 1979

Publication

Author(s):
Levy, S.M.; Bagley, C.; Lee, J.; Lippman, M.
Title:
Survival Hazard Analysis in First Recurrent Breast Cancer Patients: Seven-Year Follow-Up.
Source:
Psychosomatic Medicine, 1988, Vol. 51, 520 - 528

Investigation

Public:
Breast cancer patients, first recurrence cases, Eastern USA, 1979
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 36
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Happiness

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Longevity Longevity (assessed in follow up) Age Current age (in years) Stage of disease Stage of disease Disease free interval Recovery from disease Number of metastaticsites Neoplasms (cancer) (c00-d48) Physician's prognosis in months to live Expert rating of health Joy Feeling elated (vs not) Hostility Feeling friendly (vs hostile)