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Studies

Levitt et al. (1986): study US 1984

Publication

Author(s):
Levitt, M.J.; Clark, M.C.; Weber, R.A.
Title:
Social Network Relationships as Sources of Maternal Support and Well-Being.
Source:
Developmental Psychology, 1986, Vol. 22, 310 - 316

Investigation

Public:
Mothers of 13-months infants, Florida, U.S.A., 1984
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 43
Non Response:
20%
Assessment:
Niet gebruiken Questionnaire: paper and pencil
Mailed questionnaire and behavioral observation

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance Scale
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

We have talked about various parts of your life, now I want to ask you about your life as a whole. How satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days.....?
7  completely satisfied
6
5
4  neutral
3
2
1  completely dissatisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-7-a
Author's label:
Life-satisfaction index

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Emotional support Sources of current support Child care assistance Sources of current support Relationship satisfaction Perceived quality of intimate ties Help satisfaction Satisfaction with social support received Infant difficulty Behavior of one's children Satisfaction with spouse Satisfaction with marriage Spousal support Sources of current support
Support by spouse
Family situation Current climate