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Studies

Lee et al. (1999a): study ZZ East-West pairs 1997

Publication

Author(s):
Lee, D.Y.; Park, S.H.; Patsula, P.; Uhlemann, M.R.
Title:
What Makes You Happy?: A Comparison of Self-Reported Criteria of Happiness between Two Cultures.
Source:
Social Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 50, 351 - 362

Investigation

Public:
Canadian and Korean university students. 1997
Sample:
Non-probability accidental sample
Respondents:
N = 388
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Open-ended questions. Questions read by a pair of graduate judges, classifying each response in 14 life goal categories. In case of disagreement between the judges, units were excluded from final data analysis.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

." In general how happy or unhappy do you usually feel....?"
Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10  extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic)
9    very happy (feeling really good, elated)
8    pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7    mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6    slightly happy (just a bit above neutral)
5    neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy)
4    slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
3    mildly unhappy  (just a little low)
2    pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
1    very unhappy (depressed, spirits very low)
0    extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Fordyce Happiness Scale
Classification:
A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-a
Author's label:
In general what makes you happy?
Page in publication:
354
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.71
SD:
1.49
Full text:
Selfreport on three questions:

'On the average, what percentage of the time do you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%)
1  happy
2  unhappy
3  neutral

Name: Fordyce % happy scale
Variant: % happy
Classification:
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-aa
Author's label:
Percent of time happy
Remarks:
"On the average, what percent of the time do you feel happy?"
Page in publication:
354
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%,   12: 0%,   13: 0%,   14: 0%,   15: 0%,   16: 0%,   17: 0%,   18: 0%,   19: 0%,   20: 0%,   21: 0%,   22: 0%,   23: 0%,   24: 0%,   25: 0%,   26: 0%,   27: 0%,   28: 0%,   29: 0%,   30: 0%,   31: 0%,   32: 0%,   33: 0%,   34: 0%,   35: 0%,   36: 0%,   37: 0%,   38: 0%,   39: 0%,   40: 0%,   41: 0%,   42: 0%,   43: 0%,   44: 0%,   45: 0%,   46: 0%,   47: 0%,   48: 0%,   49: 0%,   50: 0%,   51: 0%,   52: 0%,   53: 0%,   54: 0%,   55: 0%,   56: 0%,   57: 0%,   58: 0%,   59: 0%,   60: 0%,   61: 0%,   62: 0%,   63: 0%,   64: 0%,   65: 0%,   66: 0%,   67: 0%,   68: 0%,   69: 0%,   70: 0%,   71: 0%,   72: 0%,   73: 0%,   74: 0%,   75: 0%,   76: 0%,   77: 0%,   78: 0%,   79: 0%,   80: 0%,   81: 0%,   82: 0%,   83: 0%,   84: 0%,   85: 0%,   86: 0%,   87: 0%,   88: 0%,   89: 0%,   90: 0%,   91: 0%,   92: 0%,   93: 0%,   94: 0%,   95: 0%,   96: 0%,   97: 0%,   98: 0%,   99: 0%,   100: 0%,   101: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 100 On range 0-10
Mean:
45.80
SD:
20.66
Full text:
Selfreport on three questions:

'On the average, what percentage of the time d you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%)
1  happy
2  unhappy
3  neutral

Name: Fordyce % happy scale
Variant: % unhappy
Classification:
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-ab
Author's label:
Percent measure of time feeling unhappy
Page in publication:
356
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%,   12: 0%,   13: 0%,   14: 0%,   15: 0%,   16: 0%,   17: 0%,   18: 0%,   19: 0%,   20: 0%,   21: 0%,   22: 0%,   23: 0%,   24: 0%,   25: 0%,   26: 0%,   27: 0%,   28: 0%,   29: 0%,   30: 0%,   31: 0%,   32: 0%,   33: 0%,   34: 0%,   35: 0%,   36: 0%,   37: 0%,   38: 0%,   39: 0%,   40: 0%,   41: 0%,   42: 0%,   43: 0%,   44: 0%,   45: 0%,   46: 0%,   47: 0%,   48: 0%,   49: 0%,   50: 0%,   51: 0%,   52: 0%,   53: 0%,   54: 0%,   55: 0%,   56: 0%,   57: 0%,   58: 0%,   59: 0%,   60: 0%,   61: 0%,   62: 0%,   63: 0%,   64: 0%,   65: 0%,   66: 0%,   67: 0%,   68: 0%,   69: 0%,   70: 0%,   71: 0%,   72: 0%,   73: 0%,   74: 0%,   75: 0%,   76: 0%,   77: 0%,   78: 0%,   79: 0%,   80: 0%,   81: 0%,   82: 0%,   83: 0%,   84: 0%,   85: 0%,   86: 0%,   87: 0%,   88: 0%,   89: 0%,   90: 0%,   91: 0%,   92: 0%,   93: 0%,   94: 0%,   95: 0%,   96: 0%,   97: 0%,   98: 0%,   99: 0%,   100: 0%,   101: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 100 On range 0-10
Mean:
19.44
SD:
13.26