print

Studies

Lee & Ellithorpe (1982): study US Washington 1975

Publication

Author(s):
Lee, G.R.; Ellithorpe, E.
Title:
Intergenerational Exchange and Subjective Well-Being among the Elderly.
Source:
Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1982, Vol. 44, 217 -224

Investigation

Public:
60+ aged, living near children, USA, Washington State, 1975
Sample:
Probability simple random sample
Respondents:
N = 403
Non Response:
25.1%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 6 questions:

A  On the whole, life gives me a lot of pleasure
B  On the whole, I am very satisfied with my life today
C  Things are getting just worse for me as I get older
D  All in all, I find a great deal of happiness today
E  I have a lot to be sad about
F  Nothing ever turn out for me the way I want it

Scoring
4  strongly agree
3
2
1  strongly disagree

Computation: simple addition. Possible range 6-24
Classification:
M-ACO-u-mq-n-4-a
Author's label:
morale
Remarks:
males: Mean 18.6 SD 2.3
females: Mean 18.5 SD 2.5
Page in publication:
220
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 6 - 24 On range 0-10
Mean:
18.60
SD:
2.40

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Education Level of school-education Marital status Married state (compared to non-married states) Age Age difference among elderly Health Global health rating Number of children Number of children Interaction Relation with children living on their own Aid given Amount of support provided Aid received Amount of current support received
Relation with children living on their own
regression of morale on indepent variables Socio-demographic + social ties