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Studies

Laxer (1964): study US 1960

Publication

Author(s):
Laxer, R.M.
Title:
Relation of Real Self-Rating to Mood and Blame and Their Interaction in Depression.
Source:
Journal of Consulting Psychology, 1964, Vol. 28, 538 - 546

Investigation

Public:
Psychiatric patients, USA, 196?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 72
Non Response:
3
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

"......overall mood of the past day ......"  
( full question not reported.)
10  Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9    Very elated and in very high spirits.   Tremendous
      delight and buoyancy
8    Elated and in high spirits
7    Feeling very good and cheerful
6    Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5    Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4    Spirits low and somewhat "blue"
3    Depressed and feeling very low.
      Definitely "blue"
2    Tremendously depressed.
      Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1    Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
      All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale'
Classification:
A-AOL-md-sq-v-10-a
Author's label:
Patients mood level
Remarks:
Very low mood (4 or less): 33%, low  mood (5) 26%, medium mood (6): 21%, high mood (7 or more): 37%
Page in publication:
540-542

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Self blame Current self-characterization blame assignment Blaming