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Studies

Laukka (2007): study SE 2006

Publication

Author(s):
Laukka, P.
Title:
Uses of Music and Psychological Well-Being among the Elderly.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2007, Vol. 8, 215 - 241

Investigation

Public:
65-75 aged, Sweden, 2006
Sample:
Probability simple random sample
Respondents:
N = 280
Non Response:
43
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 6 questions:

A number of statements that people have used to describe how they feel are given below. Read each one and circle the number that best describes how frequently that statement was true for you in the past seven days, including today. Some statements describe positive feelings and some describe negative feelings. You may have experienced both positive and negative feelings at different times in the past week.
A  I felt dissatisfied with my life
B  I felt happy
C  I felt cheerless
D  I felt pleased with the way I am
E  I felt life was enjoyable
F  I felt life was meaningless

Answer options:
0  never
1  rarely
2  sometimes
3  often

Negative affect score (NAS): A + C + F
Positive affect score   (PAS): B + D + E
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Joseph's 'Short Depression-Happiness Scale' (SDHS)
Classification:
A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-b
Author's label:
SDHS

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Listening strategies Music listening Year of birth Current age (in years) Gender Sex (male vs female) Educational level Level of school-education Health status Current general health status Activity level Extraversion Extraverted Agreeableness Agreeable Conscientiousness Conscientious Emotional stability Stable Openness Open explained variance (regression analysis) Socio-demographic + health + personality + life style
Music listening