Kunzmann et al. (2000): study DE Berlin 1990
- Kunzmann, U.; Little, T.D.; Smith, J.
- Is Age-Related Stability of Subjective Well-Being a Paradox? Cross-Selection and Longitudinal Evidence from the Berlin Aging Study.
- Psychologing and Aging, 2000, Vol. 3, 511 - 526
- 70-103 aged, Germany, 1990-1993
- Survey name:
- DE-Berlin Aging Study
- Probability stratified sample
- N = 516
- Non Response:
- Interview: face-to-face
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions.
This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past few weeks?
a 1 very slightly or not at all
b 2 a little
c 3 moderately
d 4 quite a bit
e 5 extremely
Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS
Name: Watson et al's PANAS ('past few weeks' version)
- Author's label:
- Emotional well-being
- Affect Balance at T1 computed by WDH team, subtracting average Positive Affect (3.20) from Negative Affect (2.34)
- Page in publication:
- Observed distribution
- 1: 0%, 2: 0%, 3: 0%, 4: 0%, 5: 0%
- Summary Statistics
- On original range -40 - 40 On range 0-10