print

Studies

Kross et al. (2013): study US 2008

Publication

Author(s):
Kross, E.; Demiralp, E.; Verduyn, P.
Title:
Facebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults.
Source:
Open Access, 2013, Plos One, Vol. 8, 1 - 7

Investigation

Public:
Facebook users, Ann Arbor, Michigan, followed 14 days, USA, 2013
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 82
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: computer assisted (CAPI)
Survey via mobile phone.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question text messaged 5 times a day

How do you feel right now?
0   very positive
:
:
:
:
100  very negative
Classification:
A-AOL-mi-sqr-ol-101-a
Author's label:
Affect
Remarks:
Scale reversed to range 0 (negative) to 100 (positive) by WDH team.
Page in publication:
Page 3
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%,   12: 0%,   13: 0%,   14: 0%,   15: 0%,   16: 0%,   17: 0%,   18: 0%,   19: 0%,   20: 0%,   21: 0%,   22: 0%,   23: 0%,   24: 0%,   25: 0%,   26: 0%,   27: 0%,   28: 0%,   29: 0%,   30: 0%,   31: 0%,   32: 0%,   33: 0%,   34: 0%,   35: 0%,   36: 0%,   37: 0%,   38: 0%,   39: 0%,   40: 0%,   41: 0%,   42: 0%,   43: 0%,   44: 0%,   45: 0%,   46: 0%,   47: 0%,   48: 0%,   49: 0%,   50: 0%,   51: 0%,   52: 0%,   53: 0%,   54: 0%,   55: 0%,   56: 0%,   57: 0%,   58: 0%,   59: 0%,   60: 0%,   61: 0%,   62: 0%,   63: 0%,   64: 0%,   65: 0%,   66: 0%,   67: 0%,   68: 0%,   69: 0%,   70: 0%,   71: 0%,   72: 0%,   73: 0%,   74: 0%,   75: 0%,   76: 0%,   77: 0%,   78: 0%,   79: 0%,   80: 0%,   81: 0%,   82: 0%,   83: 0%,   84: 0%,   85: 0%,   86: 0%,   87: 0%,   88: 0%,   89: 0%,   90: 0%,   91: 0%,   92: 0%,   93: 0%,   94: 0%,   95: 0%,   96: 0%,   97: 0%,   98: 0%,   99: 0%,   100: 0%,   101: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 100 On range 0-10
Mean:
72.53 7.25
SD:
25.88 2.59

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Worry Current worries Loneliness Coping with conflicts, loneliness Facebook use Social media
Social media
Earlier internet behaviour
Later internet behaviour
Time on internet
Direct contact Current contacts Pre/Post life satisfaction Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)
O-SL by A-AOL