Kozma & Stones (1980): study CA 1975
- Kozma, A.; Stones, M.J.
- The Measurement of Happiness: Development of the Measurement of Happiness: Development of the Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness (M.U.N.S.H.).
- Journal of Gerontology, 1980, Vol. 35, 906 - 912
- 65-95 aged, New Foundland, Canada, 197?
- N = 598
- Non Response
- Interview: face-to-face
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Self report on 2 questions:
A " ........avowed happiness at this moment of life......"
B " ........avowed happiness over the past month......"
(Full questions not reported)
(response labels not reported)
Summation : not reported
- Author's label:
- Avowed happiness (AVHT)
- Error estimates:
- Correlation AVHT-AVH : r=+.91 Correlation AVHT-AVH30: r=+.93
- Full text:
Self report on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly excited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?
Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)