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Studies

Kozma & Stones (1980): study CA 1975

Publication

Author(s):
Kozma, A.; Stones, M.J.
Title:
The Measurement of Happiness: Development of the Measurement of Happiness: Development of the Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness (M.U.N.S.H.).
Source:
Journal of Gerontology, 1980, Vol. 35, 906 - 912

Investigation

Public:
65-95 aged, New Foundland, Canada, 197?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 598
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 2 questions:

A  " ........avowed happiness at this moment of life......"
B  " ........avowed happiness over the past month......"
(Full questions not reported)

Response options:
1
2
3
4
5
6
(response labels not reported)

Summation : not reported
Classification:
O-HL-c-mq-?-6-a
Author's label:
Avowed happiness (AVHT)
Error estimates:
Correlation AVHT-AVH : r=+.91 Correlation AVHT-AVH30: r=+.93
Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Affect Balance A-AB by M-AO Happiness Adjustment to old-age inventories Life-satisfaction Adjustment to old-age inventories