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Studies

Kozma & Stones (1980): study CA 1975 /1

Publication

Author(s):
Kozma, A.; Stones, M.J.
Title:
The Measurement of Happiness: Development of the Measurement of Happiness: Development of the Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness (M.U.N.S.H.).
Source:
Journal of Gerontology, 1980, Vol. 35, 906 - 912

Investigation

Public:
Eldery, living in old age home,New Foundland, Canada, 197?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 55
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 2 questions:

A  " ........avowed happiness at this moment of life......"
B  " ........avowed happiness over the past month......"
(Full questions not reported)

Response options:
1
2
3
4
5
6
(response labels not reported)

Summation : not reported
Classification:
O-HL-c-mq-?-6-a
Author's label:
Avowed happiness (AVHT)
Error estimates:
Reliability: retest after 6 to 12 months: r=+.57 Validity:
Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

We would like to ask you some questions about how things have been going. Please answer 'yes' if a statement is true for you and 'no' if it does not apply to you. In the past months have you been feeling
A  On top of the world?
B  In high spirits
C  Particular content with your life?
D  Lucky?
E  Bored?
F  Very lonely or remote from other people?
G  Depressed or very unhappy?
H  Flustered because you didn't know what was expected  of you?
I  Bitter about the way your life has turned out?
J Generally satisfied with the way your life has turned out?

Scoring:
2  = yes
1 = don't know
0 = no

Computation: (A+B+C+D+J) - (E+F+G+H+I) + 10
MUNSH Affect Balance Scale
Classification:
A-AB-cq-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance (ABS)
Error estimates:
Reliability: retest after 6 to 12 month: r=+.27

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Affect Balance (ABS) Recent happiness (< 1 year ago) Avowed Happiness Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)