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Studies

Kousha & Mohseni (2000): study IR 1995

Publication

Author(s):
Kousha, M.; Mohseni, N.
Title:
Are Iranians Happy? A Comparative Study between Iran and the United States.
Source:
Social Indicators Research, 2000, Vol. 52, 259 - 289

Investigation

Public:
Residents big city (Tehran), Iran, 1995-97
Sample:
Non-probability snowball sample
Respondents:
N = 1561
Non Response:
4,8%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say you are...?
3   very happy
2   fairly happy
1   not too happy
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ab
Author's label:
very happy to being upset
Remarks:
Note a: Measured values 1995 and 1997 combined
Note b: Straightforward translation could not be used in Farsi, the Iranian national language. The keyword used is "khoshhal". The answer categories were labeled as: "very happy"; "more or less happy" (as equivalent to fairly happy) and "being upset" using the term "narahat" (equivalent for "not too happy) that emphases  the good-life dimensions of happiness.
Page in publication:
261
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 10.7%,   2: 60%,   3: 29.3%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.19 7.06
SD:
0.60 1.61

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding male sex Sex (male vs female) Marital status Married vs never married Age Current age (in years) Education Level of school-education Income Current income level (unspecified) Occupation Current occupation Type of dwelling Type of current dwelling Marital status Still-married vs broken marriage (widowed+separated+divorced)