print

Studies

Koivumaa-Honkanen et al. (2003): study FI 1976

Publication

Author(s):
Koivumaa-Honkanen, H.T.; Honkanen, R.J.; Kaprio, J.; Koskenvuo, M.
Title:
Self-Reported Happiness in Life and Suicide in Ensuing 20 Years.
Source:
Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2003, Vol. 38, 244 - 248

Investigation

Public:
Adults, Finland, 1976-1995
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 29067
Non Response:
16%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaires: - T1 (1975): health questionnaire, happiness - T2 (1981: only to twins, health, happiness - T3 (1990): only to twins, health, happiness, Beck Depression Inventory - The Finnish cause of death registry was used to identify suicides(T1-T3)

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question

Do you feel your life at present is…?
5  very happy
4  fairly happy
3  cannot say
2  fairly sad
1  very sad
Classification:
O-HL-c-sq-v-5-j
Author's label:
happiness
Remarks:
Assessed at T1
Page in publication:
245
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 1%,   2: 6.9%,   3: 12.9%,   4: 63.4%,   5: 15.9%   (total 100.1%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.85 7.13

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding suicides Later suicidal behavior Depression Depressive (f31-33)