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Studies

Knabe & Rätzel (2007): study DE 1992

Publication

Author(s):
Knabe, A.; Rätzel, S.
Title:
Quantifying the Psychological Costs of Unemployment: The Role of Permanent Income.
Source:
Working Paper No. 32, DIW, 2007, Berlin, Germany

Investigation

Public:
21-64 aged, Germany, followed 13 years ,1992-2005
Sample:
Probability stratified sample
Respondents:
N = 152411
Non Response:
not reported
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, how satisfied are you with your life these days? Please answer with the help of this scale. For instance, when you are totally satisfied with your life, please tick '10'. When you are totally unsatisfied with your life, please tick '0'. You may use all values in between to indicate that you are neither totally satisfied nor totally unsatisfied."
10 totally satisfied
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0  totally unsatisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-d
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Remarks:
8.9 % reports life satisfaction lower than 5,  78.3 % reports 6 and higher
Page in publication:
8
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.88 6.88

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Unemployed Unemployed involuntary
Trend happiness in employment categories
Long-term unemployed Unemployed involuntary Transitory income Household income Permanent income Earlier level of income Unemployment rate Trend in general public
Unemployment in nation