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Studies

Knabe et al. (2009): study DE 2008

Publication

Author(s):
Knabe, A.; Rätzel, S.; Schöb, R.; Weimann, J.
Title:
Dissatisfied with Life, but Having a Good Day: Time-Use and Well-Being of the Unemployed.
Source:
CESIFO Working Paper, no. 2604, CES, 2009, Munich, Germany.

Investigation

Public:
Fulltime employed and long-term unemployed, Germany, 2008
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 737
Non Response:
23
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self rating of feeling during activities in previous day

Respondents listed activities of the previous day in a standard diary and next rated how the had felt during each of these activities on the following aspects:
A  Lethargic, dull
B  Enjoying myself
C  Insecure, anxious
D  Happy
E  Frustrated, annoyed
F  Relaxed
G  Stressed
H  Comfortable, at ease

Each rated:
0  not at all
.
.
10 very much

Computation: (B+D+F+H)/4 - (A+C+E+G)/4

Name: Day Reconstruction Method (DRM), Net Affect
Classification:
A-AB-yd-mqr-n-11-a
Author's label:
Net affect
Remarks:
Average affect doing all activities of the day: M= employed individuals: 4,23 unemployed individuals: 4,24
Page in publication:
5
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -10 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.23 -
SD:
- -
Full text:
Self report on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as a whole these days?
0  not at all satisfied
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Remarks:
Employed individuals M=7,11 unemployed individuals M=4,58
Page in publication:
1
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.88 5.88
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Net effect O-SL by A-AB Weekdays and weekends Day of the week Employment status Current employment status
Unemployed involuntary
Income Household income Married / cohabiting Living alone or not Education Level of school-education Health satisfaction Satisfaction with health Children Number of children Age Current age (in years) General goodness of previous day compared to an average day Yesterday's mood Physical well-being yesterday compared to an average day Self-perceived health Goodness of work activity yesterday compared to an average day Mood during work