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Studies

Keng & Wu (2014): study TW 1989

Publication

Author(s):
Keng, S. H.; Wu, S.
Title:
Living Happily Ever After? The Effect of Taiwan's National Health Insurance on the Happiness of the Elderly.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2014, Vol. 15, 583 - 808

Investigation

Public:
Elderly, Taiwan, folowed 14 years 1989-2003, before and after change health insurance law in 1995
Sample:
Probability systematic sample
Respondents:
N = 4049
Non Response:
<10%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Panel study in 5 waves: T1: 1989, T2: 1993,T3: 1996, T4: 1999 and T5: 2003.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single questions:

"Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week...?"
I was happy
0  rarely or none of the time
1  some or a little of the time
2  occasionally or a moderate amount of time
3  most of the time

Item in CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression) Scale
Classification:
M-TH-cw-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
CES-D HAPPY
Remarks:
As assessed at T1 (1989)
Page in publication:
787,794
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.43 -
SD:
1.25 -
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week...?
I enjoyed life...
0  rarely or none of the time
1  some or a little of the time
2  occasionally or a moderate amount of time
3  most of the time

Item in CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression) Scale. Score reversed.
Classification:
M-TH-cw-sq-v-4-b
Author's label:
CES-D ENJLIFE
Remarks:
As assessed at T1 (1989)
Page in publication:
787,794
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.13 -
SD:
1.22 -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding National Health Insurance in 1995 Social security in nation
Change in possessions
Insurances
Age Age difference among elderly Sexe Sexe: male (vs female) Education Years schooling Income Current income level (unspecified) Married Married state (compared to non-married states) Spousedie Widowed Alone Living alone or not House Specific possessions Stock Specific possessions Asthma Diseases of respiratory system (j00-99) Stroke Stroke (i64) Heart Ischemic heart diseases (i20-25) Diabetes Diabetes (e10-14) Smoking Use of tobacco Drinking Use of alcohol Native Foreign nationalities in nation Mainland Foreign nationalities in nation