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Studies

Keng & Wu (2014): study TW 1989

Publication

Author(s):
Keng, S. H.; Wu, S.
Title:
Living Happily Ever After? The Effect of Taiwan's National Health Insurance on the Happiness of the Elderly.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2014, Vol. 15, 583 - 808

Investigation

Public:
Elderly, Taiwan, folowed 14 years 1989-2003, before and after change health insurance law in 1995
Sample:
Probability systematic sample
Respondents:
N = 4049
Non Response:
<10%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Panel study in 5 waves: T1: 1989, T2: 1993,T3: 1996, T4: 1999 and T5: 2003.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single questions:

"Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week...?"
I was happy
0  rarely or none of the time
1  some or a little of the time
2  occasionally or a moderate amount of time
3  most of the time

Item in CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression) Scale
Classification:
M-TH-cw-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
CES-D HAPPY
Remarks:
As assessed at T1 (1989)
Page in publication:
787,794
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.43
SD:
1.25
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Please tell me how often you have felt this way during the past week...?
I enjoyed life...
0  rarely or none of the time
1  some or a little of the time
2  occasionally or a moderate amount of time
3  most of the time

Item in CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression) Scale. Score reversed.
Classification:
M-TH-cw-sq-v-4-b
Author's label:
CES-D ENJLIFE
Remarks:
As assessed at T1 (1989)
Page in publication:
787,794
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 3 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.13
SD:
1.22

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding National Health Insurance in 1995 Insurances
Social security in nation
Change in possessions
Age Age difference among elderly Sexe Sex (male vs female) Education Years schooling Income Current income level (unspecified) Married Married state (compared to non-married states) Spousedie Widowed Alone Living alone or not House Specific possessions Stock Specific possessions Asthma Diseases of respiratory system (j00-99) Stroke Stroke (i64) Heart Ischaemic heart diseases (i20-25) Diabetes Diabetes (e10-14) Smoking Use of tobacco Drinking Use of alcohol Native Foreign nationalities in nation Mainland Foreign nationalities in nation