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Studies

Kapikiran (2012): study TR 2009

Publication

Author(s):
Kapikiran, N.A.
Title:
Positive and Negative Affectivity as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Optimism and Life Satisfaction in Turkish University Students.
Source:
Social Indicators Research, 2012, Vol. 106, 333 - 345

Investigation

Public:
University students, Turkey, 2009
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability self-selected
Respondents:
N = 397
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 20 questions:

Lead item not reported.
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  excited
I   ashamed
J  guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Rated:
1: slightly/not at all
.
.
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS version not reported
Classification:
A-BW-?-mq-v-5-a
Author's label:
Panas
Remarks:
Positive affect- negative affect = 31.93-22.53= 9,4
Page in publication:
336
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -40 - 40 On range 0-10
Mean:
9.40