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Studies

Jans-Beken (2018a): study NL 2016

Publication

Author(s):
Jans-Beken, L
Title:
Upward Spirals of Gratitude and Positive Affect in Daily Life: A Time-lagged Ecological Assessment Study Using the Experience Sampling Method.
Source:
PdD dissetation, 2018 Open University of Heerlen, Heerlen, Netherlands, Capter 5.

Investigation

Public:
Working aged (18-65), Netherlands, 2016
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability accidental sample
Respondents:
N = 126
Non Response:
20 respondents.
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)
One-time on line questionnaire for demographic info, positive mental health, psychopathology and trait gratitude, followed by experience sampling with mobil phone.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Repeated selfreport on 7 questions

.. I feel at the moment .. (full lead question not reported)
A  cheerful
B  satisfied
C  happy
D  insecure
E anxious
F down
G guilty

Rated
1 not at all
:
7 very

Computation: (A+B+C)- (D+E+F+G)
Classification:
A-AB-mi-mqr-n-7-d
Author's label:
Momentary mood states
Remarks:
Source: Jacobs et al, 2007; Myin-Germeys & van Os, 2007; Peeters, Berkhof, Delespaul, Rottenberg, & Nicolson, 2006. Wickers et al 2009.
ABS = PA-NA = 4,98-1,76 = 3,22
Page in publication:
127
Error estimates:
Positive Affect (A+B+C): Cronbach alpha within: .77; aggregated .94. Negative Affect (D+E+F+G): Cronbach alpha within: .64; aggregated .95. PA minus NA not reported for individual respondents. Mean PA for all respondents = 4.98 (SD = 0,93). Mean NA for all respondents = 1.76.(SD = 0,79). Mean Affect Balance = 4.98 - 1.76 = 3.22.
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 7 - 49 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.22

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Trait Gratitude (Gratitude Questionnaire 6) Earlier life-appraisals Positive Mental Health (Mental Health Continuum Short Form) Aspect judgements of one's life as a whole Psychopathology (Symptom Questionnaire SQ48) Earlier psycho-somatic complaints State Gratitude (Single question)