James & Hughes (1982): study GB 1977


James, B.; Hughes, P.F.
Psychological Well-Being as an Outcome Variable in the Treatment of Infertility by Clomiphine.
British Journal of Medical Psychology, 1982, Vol. 55, 357 -377


Female fertility patients, Great Britain, 1977-80
Non-probability purposive-expert sample
N = 27
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Mailed questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question

.. overall happiness during last 12 months..(full question not reported)
Scale labels not reported
Author's label:
overall happiness
Page in publication:
Observed distribution
1: 3.7%,   2: 0%,   3: 7.4%,   4: 3.7%,   5: 14.8%,   6: 55.6%,   7: 14.8%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
5.52 7.53
1.34 2.24
Full text:
Self report on 48 questions:

Each of the sentences below describes a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks.
A    Nothing goes right with me
B    I feel close to people around me
C    I feel as though the best years of my life are over
D    I feel my life is on the right track
E    I feel loved and trusted
F    My work gives me a lot of pleasure
G    I don't like myself
H    I feel very tense
I     I feel life isn't worth living
J     I am content with myself
K    My past life is filled with failure
L    Everything I do seems worthwhile
M    I  can't be bothered doing anything
N    I feel I can do whatever I want to
O    I have lost interest in other people and don't care about   
P     Everything is going right for me
Q    I can express my feelings and emotions towards other
R    I'm easy going
S    I seem to be left alone when I don't want to be
T    I wish I could change some parts of my life
U    I seem to have no real drive to do anything
V    The future looks good
W    I become very lonely
X     I can concentrate well on what I'm doing
Y     I feel out of place
Z     I think clearly and creatively
AA   I feel alone
AB   I feel free and easy
AC   I smile and laugh a lot
AD   I feel things are going my way
AE   The world seems a cold and impersonal place
AF    I feel I've made a mess of things again
AG   I feel like hiding away
AH   I feel confident about decisions I make
AI     I feel depressed for no apparent reason
AJ    I feel other people like me
AK   I feel like a failure
AL    I feel I'm a complete person
AM   I'm not sure I'm done the right thing
AN    My future looks good
AO    I'm making the most out of my life
AP    Everything is going right for me
AQ    I feel unimportant
AR    I feel as though there must be something wrong with me
AS    I don't feel like making the effort to do anything
AT    I feel confident in my dealings with the opposite sex
AU    I want to hurt those who have hurt me
AV    The results I have obtained make my efforts worthwhile

Each of the objectives below describe a FEELING. Mark HOW OFTEN you had that feeling during the past few weeks;
A     Confident
B     Hopeless
C     Pleasant
D     Insignificant
E     Discontented
F     Healthy
G     Dejected
H     Annoyed
I      Down
J      Glad
K     Glowing
L      Relaxed
M     Comfortable
N     Moody
O     Understood
P      Blue
Q     Miserable
R     Joyful
S     Tense
T      Insecure
U     Shaky
V     Satisfied
W    Safe
X     Successful
Y     Free
Z     Sad
AA   Good-natured
AB    Impatient
AC    Rejected
AD    Lively
AE    Frustrated
AF     Fearful
AG    Lonely
AH    Warm
AI      Contented
AJ     Good
AK     Secure
AL      Disappointed
AM     Understanding
AN     Depressed
AO      Low
AP      Calm
AQ      Unhappy
AR      Upset
AS       Empty
AT       Enthusiastic
AU       Happy
AV       Vibrant

Answer options:
0  not at all
1  occasionally
2  some of the time
3  often
4  all of the time

-Positive Affect Score (PAS): mean positive items
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): mean negative items
-Affect Balance Score (ABS):  PAS minus NAS
Possible range - 4  to  +4

Name: Kamman's Affectometer 1: version last 12 months
Page in publication:
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -4 - 4 On range 0-10
1.88 -
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding success of fertility treatment Pregnant
Earlier want for children
Childlessness voluntary or not
Change in parental status
Current life-change (assessed by follow up)
Current life-events (past few years)
Female infertility (n97)
Success of medical treatment