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Studies

Iwasaki & Smale (1998): study CA 1981

Publication

Author(s):
Iwasaki, Y.; Smale, B.J.
Title:
Longitudinal Analyses of the Relationships among Life Transitions, Chronic Health Problems, Leisure, and Psychological Well‐being
Source:
Leisure Sciences, 1998, Vol. 20, 25 - 52

Investigation

Public:
Aged 23-96, Canada, 1981-1988
Sample:
Probability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents:
N = 2744
Non Response:
Assessment:

Assessment not reported

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? )
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
1  never
2  sometimes
3  often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -20 to +20

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-3-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Page in publication:
28,29

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Prevalence of illness Physical health in nation Change marital status Recent change in marital status Change employment status Change in employment
Retirement: stopped working
Became unemployed
Becamet (re)employed
Change in having work
Change from/to full-time homemaker