Iwasaki & Smale (1998): study CA 1981
- Iwasaki, Y.; Smale, B.J.
- Longitudinal Analyses of the Relationships among Life Transitions, Chronic Health Problems, Leisure, and Psychological Well‐being
- Leisure Sciences, 1998, Vol. 20, 25 - 52
- Aged 23-96, Canada, 1981-1988
- Probability multi-stage cluster sample
- N = 2744
- Non Response:
Assessment not reported
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? )
A Particularly excited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?
Answer options and scoring:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -20 to +20
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
- Author's label:
- Psychological well-being
- Page in publication:
Change in employment
Change in having work
Change from/to full-time homemaker