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Studies

Iwasaki & Smale (1998): study CA 1981

Publication

Author(s):
Iwasaki, Y.; Smale, B.J.
Title:
Longitudinal Analyses of the Relationships among Life Transitions, Chronic Health Problems, Leisure, and Psychological Well‐being
Source:
Leisure Sciences, 1998, Vol. 20, 25 - 52

Investigation

Public:
Aged 23-96, Canada, 1981-1988
Sample:
Probability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents:
N = 2744
Non Response:
Assessment:

Assessment not reported

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? )
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
1  never
2  sometimesd
3  often

Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -20 to +20

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-3-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Page in publication:
28,29

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Prevalence of illness Physical health in nation Change marital status Recent change in marital status Change employment status Change in retirement status
Change in employment
Change in having work
Change from/to full-time homemaker
Falling unemployed
Getting (re)employed