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Studies

Inglehart (1994): study ZZ 1990

Publication

Author(s):
Inglehart, R.
Title:
Modernization and Postmodernization: The Changing Relationship between Economic Development, Cultural Change and Political Change.
Source:
Paper presented at the Annual Meeting Midwest Political Science Association, 1994, Chicago, USA

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 43 nations, 1990-1991
Sample:
Probability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents:
N = 56292
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance
Page in publication:
13-14
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Taking all together, how satisfied are you currently with your life as a whole? Please indicate on this ladder. 1 means 'not satisfied at all'  and 10 completely satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-l-10-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
14
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

On the whole, how happy would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  fairly happy
2  not very happy
1  very unhappy
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b
Author's label:
Not happy
Page in publication:
14

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Postmaterialist values Post-materialistic values in nation