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Studies

Huff-Fox (1977): study US 1970

Publication

Author(s):
Huff-Fox, J.
Title:
Effects of Retirement and Former Work life on Women's' Adaptation to Old Age.
Source:
Journal of Gerontology, 1977, Vol. 32, 196 - 202

Investigation

Public:
Older white middle-class women, USA, 1970
Sample:
Probability stratified sample
Respondents:
N = 212
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple assesment methods
Face-to-face interview, questionnaire and medical examinations

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 9 questions:

We are interested in the way people are feeling these days. The following list describes some of the ways people feel at different times. Please indicate how often you felt each way during the last week.

How often last week did you feel .....?
A  On the top of the world
B  Very lonely or remote from other people
C  Particularly excited or interested in something
D  Depressed or very unhappy
E   Pleased about having accomplished something
F   Bored
G  Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done
H  So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
I    Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why

Answer options:
0  not at all
1  once
2  several times
3  often

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on A, C, E, G
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on B, D, F, H, I
Affect Balance Score (ABS):  PAS minus NAS

Possible range:  -15 tot +12

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale' (modified version)
Classification:
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Remarks:
Mean is own calculation
Page in publication:
198
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -15 - 12 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.14 -
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Retirement Current employment status
Full-time home maker
Current status: retired or not
Education Level of school-education Income Household income Self rated health Global health self-rating Marital status Married state (compared to non-married states) Number of relatives Number of relatives Number of neighbors one knows Social contacts in vicinity Number of friends Number of close friends
Current friendship network
General contacts Current contacts Contact with relatives Contacts with relatives Contact with friends Current contacts with friends Contact with neighbors Social contacts in vicinity Attendance non-religious meetings Current contacts
Attendance to meetings