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Studies

Holder et al. (2010): study CA 2005

Publication

Author(s):
Holder, M.D.; Coleman, B.; Wallace, J.M.
Title:
Spiritualilty, Religiousness, and Happiness in Children aged 8-12 Years.
Source:
Journal of Happiness Studies, 2010, Vol.11, 131 - 150

Investigation

Public:
8-12 aged children, 2 schools, Canada, 200?
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 320
Non Response:
11
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Overall how do you usually feel?
1  sad face
2
3
4
5
6
7  happy face

Seven faces presented ranging from sad to happy, without verbal or numerical labels
Classification:
A-AOL-g-sq-f-7-a
Author's label:
Faces scale
Page in publication:
135,138
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 3%,   4: 7%,   5: 19%,   6: 47%,   7: 24%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.82 8.03
SD:
0.97 1.62
Full text:
Rating by parents in response to single question:

Overall how does your child usually feel?
1  sad face
2
3
4
5
6
7  happy face

Seven faces presented ranging from sad to happy, without verbal or numerical labels
Classification:
A-AOL-g-rdf-f-7-a
Author's label:
Faces scale
Page in publication:
135,138
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 1%,   4: 5%,   5: 25%,   6: 57%,   7: 12%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
5.74 7.90
SD:
0.77 1.28

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Parent rating of child happiness Rating of happiness by parents Gender Sex (male vs female) Public or private school Social characteristics of school Shyness Shy Emotionality Emotional Sociability Sociable Activity Active Personal Spirituality Current religious experiences Communal Spirituality Perceived quality of intimate ties Environmental Spirituality Ecological values Transcendental Spirituality Specific beliefs Spiritual practice/ belief Current religious practices