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Studies

Hills et al. (2015): study ZZ Europe 1973

Publication

Author(s):
Hills, T.; Proto, E.; Sgroi, D.
Title:
Historical Analysis of National Subjective Wellbeing Using Millions of Digitized Books.
Source:
IZA Discussion Paper. 2015, No. 9195< Warwick, Uk

Investigation

Public:
15+ aged, general public, 5 EU nations, 1973-2009
Survey name:
EU-Eurobarometer combined waves
Sample:
Probability multistage stratified area sample
Respondents:
N = 119
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single  question:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
4  very satisfied
3  fairly satisfied
2  not very satisfied
1  not at all satisfied
-  Don't know
Classification:
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
12
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
2.98
SD:
0.18

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Valence of words used in books Attitudinal climate in nation
Optimism in nation
Mass media in nation
Actual value-climate