Hershfield et al. (2013): study US San Francisco, California 1994 /1
- Hershfield, H.E.; Scheibe, S.; Sims, T.
- When Feeling Bad Can Be Good: Mixed Emotions Benefit Physical Health Across Adulthood.
- Social Psychology and Personal Science, 2013, Vol. 4, 54 - 61
- Adults, San Francisco Bay Area, USA, followed 10 years 1994-2005.
- Survey name:
- Unnamed study
- Probability simple random sample
- N = 184
- Non Response:
Participants first completed questionnaires about their health, happiness and cognitive ability. After that participants were given an electronic pager with instructions how to complete the emotion responsse questionnaires, each time they were paged. In the following week participants were paged 5 times a day. Paging times were random selected, but not more than once within a 20 minute interval. At the end of the day participants returned the 5 completed response sets by mail. After that week participants returned to the laboratory for a follow-up interview, after which they were debriefed and paid for their participation.
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Self report on 19 questions repeated 5 times a day
Degree to which one feel emotion at the moment (Full text of lead phrase not reported)
1 not at all
Computation: (A+B+C+D+E+F+G+H)/8 -(I+J+K+L+M+N+O+P+Q+R+S)/11
- Author's label:
- Positive and negative emotions
- Affect Balance computed by the WDH-team from PA= 3.60 and NA= 1.64.
- Page in publication:
- Observed distribution
- Summary Statistics
- On original range -6 - 6 On range 0-10