print

Studies

Harding (1985): study GB 1981

Publication

Author(s):
Harding, S.D.
Title:
Values and the Nature of Psychological Well-Being.
Source:
Abrams, M.;Gerard, D.;Timms, N.,Eds.: "Values and Social Change in Britain", McMillan, 1985, London, UK, 227 - 252

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, Great Britain, 1983
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1231
Non Response:
?
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  quite happy
2  not very happy
1  not at all happy.
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 4%,   3: 58%,   4: 38%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.30 7.70
SD:
0.55
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
7.70 7.40
Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.40 6.40

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Religiousness Current religious beliefs Belief in God Belief in god Reform orientation Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation Acceptance of violence Preference for peaceful solution of political problems Age Current age (in years) Level of education Level of school-education Income Household income Occupation Current occupation Organisational membership Membership of voluntary organizations TV watching Tv watching, radio listening Church attendance Participation in church Active leisure Leisure aspirations
Leisure activity level
Married vs never married Married vs never married Married vs widowed Married vs widowed Married vs widowed, never married, divorced or separated Married state (compared to non-married states) Never married vs widowed Vs widowed Never married vs widowed, divorced or separated Vs formerly married (widowed+divorced+separated) Widowed Vs divorced Willingness to fightfor country Willingness to fight for nation Having work Full-time home maker Self-reported health Global health rating