Haraldsson & Houtkooper (1991): study ZZ Developed nations 1981
- Haraldsson, E.; Houtkooper, J.M.
- Psychic Experiences in the Multinational Human Values Study: Who Reports Them?
- The Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research. 1991, Vol. 85, 145 - 165
- 15+ aged general popualtion, 11 western nations, 1981-1984
- Survey name:
- Probability area sample
- N = 18607
- Non Response:
- Interview: face-to-face
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly excited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?
Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
- Author's label:
- Sum of affect
- Page in publication: