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Studies

Haraldsson & Houtkooper (1991): study ZZ Developed nations 1981

Publication

Author(s):
Haraldsson, E.; Houtkooper, J.M.
Title:
Psychic Experiences in the Multinational Human Values Study: Who Reports Them?
Source:
The Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research. 1991, Vol. 85, 145 - 165

Investigation

Public:
15+ aged general popualtion, 11 western nations, 1981-1984
Survey name:
EU-EVS1981-84
Sample:
Probability area sample
Respondents:
N = 18607
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Sum of affect
Page in publication:
154

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Experience of telepathy Ever had extra-ordinary states of conciousness Experience of clairvoyance Ever had extra-ordinary states of conciousness Experience of contact with the dead Ever had extra-ordinary states of conciousness