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Studies

Hanson & Spanier (1983): study US Pennsylvania 1977

Publication

Author(s):
Hanson, S.L.; Spanier, G.B.
Title:
Family Development and Adjustment to Marital Separation.
Source:
Sociology and Social Research, 1983, Vol. 68, 19 - 40

Investigation

Public:
Recently separated, Pennsylvania.USA, followed 2 years, 1977-79
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 210
Non Response:
T1: 39 % , T2: 48 %
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance Scale

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age of oldest child Age of children Number of children Children in the household Marital status Recent divorce/separation Length of separation Recent divorce/separation Age at first marriage Earlier marriage relationship(s)
MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER
Length of (broken) marriage Characteristics of earlier marriage-relationship(s) Occupational status of spouce Social status of spouse Occupational status Occupational level Family income Household income Workstatus Current employment status
Earlier (un)employment
Division of house- hold task Shared household-tasks Education Earlier educational level Age Current age (in years) Male sex Sex (male vs female)