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Studies

Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981

Publication

Author(s):
Halman, L.C.; DeMoor, R.A.; Heunks, F.J.; Zanders, H.
Title:
Traditie, Secularisatie en Individualisering. (Tradition, Secularization and Individualisation- a Study into the Values of the Dutch within a European Context
Source:
Tilburg University Press, 1987, Tilburg, Netherlands

Investigation

Public
18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Survey name
INT-WorldValuesSurvey 1
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

"Now taking everything about your life into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life today?"
10 satisfied
9
8
7
6

5
4

3
2
1
0  dissatisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a
Author's label:
Satisfacion
Remarks:
COUNTRY           M        SD       Ms'
France            6.67     2.11     6.30
Great-Britain     7.67     1.91     7.41
West Germany      7.25     1.90     6.94
Italy             6.62     2.52     6.24
Netherlands       7.70     1.63     7.44    NA = 2%
Denmark           8.21     1.86     8.01
Belgium           7.37     1.81     7.08
Spain             6.60     2.00     6.22
Ireland           7.82     1.89     7.58
Northern Ireland  7.69     1.91     7.43
EC countries      7.10     2.12     6.78
Full text:
Self report on 10 questions:

"During the past week, did you ever feel.....?"

A   So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
B   Proud, because someone had complimented you
C   Very lonely or remote  from people?
D   Pleased about having accomplished something
E   Bored
F   On top of the world?
G   Depressed
H   That things were going your way?
I    Upset because someone criticized you?
J   Could not do anything, simply because you could not start?

Answer options and scoring:
- yes  = 1
- no  =  0

Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed  scores on  B,D F,H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed  scores on A,C,E,G,I,J
Affect Balance Score (ABS):  PAS minus NAS

Possible range -6 to +4

Name: Bradburn's `Affect Balance Scale'  (adapted version)
Classification:
A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect
Page in publication:
6.68
Full text:
Self report on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  quite happy
2  not very happy
1  not at all happy.
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Religious participation Participation in church Religious denomination Current religious denomination Number of children Number of children Past,present,future discrepancies in satisfaction Retrospective changes in happiness (unspecified) Profession Current occupation Affect Balance O-HL by A-AB
O-SL by A-AB
Past satisfaction In recent past Future satisfaction In the near future (up to 5 years) Tolerance Attitude to dissimilarity in values Trust in people Trusting
Trust in people
Lack of purpose Meaningful (vs useless) Type of dwelling Type of current dwelling Having children Current parental status Male sex Sex: male (vs female) Own home Ownership of current dwelling