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Studies

Gump (1972): study US 1965

Publication

Author(s):
Gump, J.P.
Title:
Sex-Role Attitudes and Psychological Well-Being.
Source:
Journal of Social Issues, 1972, Vol. 28, 79 - 92

Investigation

Public:
Female students college seniors, followed two months, Rochester, USA,1965-66
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 162
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

"Mood is usually applied to states lasting for minutes or hours, but most people can estimate their average or typical mood over a long period of time. Using the following scale, please indicate which statement best describes your typical mood for the current spring semester.  Draw a circle around the number of the statement which best describes your average level of happiness or unhappiness during this semester.
10  Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9    Very elated and in very high spirits.   Tremendous
      delight and buoyancy
8    Elated and in high spirits
7    Feeling very good and cheerful
6    Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5    Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4    Spirits low and somewhat "blue"
3    Depressed and feeling very low.
      Definitely "blue"
2    Tremendously depressed.
      Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1    Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
      All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.
Classification:
A-AOL-cq-sq-v-10-a
Author's label:
Happiness

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Sex-role attitude Gender-role attitudes