Gump (1972): study US 1965
- Gump, J.P.
- Sex-Role Attitudes and Psychological Well-Being.
- Journal of Social Issues, 1972, Vol. 28, 79 - 92
- Female students college seniors, followed two months, Rochester, USA,1965-66
- N = 162
- Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaire completed in class
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Self report on single question:
"Mood is usually applied to states lasting for minutes or hours, but most people can estimate their average or typical mood over a long period of time. Using the following scale, please indicate which statement best describes your typical mood for the current spring semester. Draw a circle around the number of the statement which best describes your average level of happiness or unhappiness during this semester.
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9 Very elated and in very high spirits. Tremendous
delight and buoyancy
8 Elated and in high spirits
7 Feeling very good and cheerful
6 Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5 Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4 Spirits low and somewhat "blue"
3 Depressed and feeling very low.
2 Tremendously depressed.
Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1 Utter depression and gloom. Completely down.
All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.
- Author's label: