Graham et al. (2004): study RU 1995


Graham, C.; Eggers, A.; Sukhtankar, S.
Does Happiness Pay? An Exploration Based on Panel Data from Russia.
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 2004, Vol. 55, 319 - 342


10+ aged, general public, Russia, 1995-2000
N = 5269
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question

Now taking everything into account, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life these days?
5  very satisfied
4  satisfied
3  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2  dissatisfied
1  very dissatisfied
-   don't know
-   no answers

Numerical scale reversed
Author's label:
Subjective well-being
T1 (1995) M=2,21; SD=1,06; T2 (2000): M=2,36; SD=1,08
Page in publication:
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
2.36 -
1.08 -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Current age (in years) Male Sexe: male (vs female) Marital status Married vs never married Log equivalence income Household income Education level Level of school-education Minority Ethnic status in Russia Student Involved in schooling or not Health problems Symptoms of bad health Retired Current status: retired or not Housewife Full-time home maker
Current occupation
Unemployed Unemployed involuntary Self-employed Self employed Earlier happiness Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago) Change in educational level Level of school-education Change in health problems Change in physical health Change in level of drinking Change in use of stimulants Change in marital status Recent change in marital status
Recent marriage
Recent divorce/separation
Change in employment Development of one's employment Change in smoking Change in use of stimulants Change in schooling Change in education
Change in school-environment
Change in retirement Retirement: stopped working Summed effects of changes in the determinants Current life-change (assessed by follow up)
Summed effects of changes in life
Effects of determinants on happiness Socio-demographic + health Change in happiness 1995-2000 Trend average happiness in special publics
Trend average happiness in employment categories
Trend average happiness marital categories
Trend average happiness in income groups
Trend average happiness in Russia
Later income Later level of income Panel attrition Panel-dropout