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Studies

Gove & Zeiss (1987): study US 1974

Publication

Author(s):
Gove, W.R.; Zeiss, C.
Title:
Multiple Roles and Happiness.
Source:
Crosby, F.J.; Ed.: "Spouse, Parent, Worker", Yale University Press, 1987, New Haven, USA, 125 -137

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, USA, 1974-1975
Sample:
Probability stratified sample
Respondents:
N = 2248
Non Response:
23,3%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Overall, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  pretty happy
2  not too happy
1  not at all happy.
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aa
Author's label:
Happiness
Page in publication:
125
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 2.8%,   2: 12.5%,   3: 48.9%,   4: 35.7%   (total 99.9%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.18 7.09
SD:
0.75 2.07

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Gender Sex (male vs female) Marital status Married state (compared to non-married states)
Current roles
Employment status Current employment status Parental status Ever had children (vs not)
Children in the household
Leaving home of children (empty nest)