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Studies

Goodwin & Hernandez Plaza (2000): study ZZ Various nation sets 1999

Publication

Author(s):
Goodwin, R.; Hernandez Plaza, S.
Title:
Perceived and Received Social Support in Two Cultures: Collectivism and Support among British and Spanish Students.
Source:
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2000, Vol. 17, 282 - 291

Investigation

Public:
University students, England and Spain, 1999
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 140
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Respondents were students from the University of Bristol (Great Britain) and the University of Almeria (Spain), who completed the questionnaire to fulfil course credit requirements.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
A  In most ways my life is close to ideal
B  The conditions of my life are excellent
C  I am satisfied with my life
D  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life

Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3  neither agree nor disagree
2  slightly disagree
1  strongly disagree

Computation:(A+B+C+D)/4
Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)
(In the original scale item 5 reads: 'If I could live my life over, I would change nothing'. This item is left out in this selection because a positive answer to this question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.)
Classification:
O-Sum-u-mq-v-5-ba
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Remarks:
Mean values in the samples under study:

British sample:    M =3.51; SD = 0.82
Spanish sample: M =3.31; SD = 0.79
Page in publication:
286
Error estimates:
British sample: Cronbach's alpha=0.83 Spanish sample:Cronbach's alpha=0.84

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Collectivism Individualism (vs collectivism)