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Studies

Gonzalez Gutierriez et al. (2005a): study ES Madrid 2002

Publication

Author(s):
Gonzalez Gutierriez, J.L.; Hernandez, E.G.; Jimenez, B.M.
Title:
Personality and Subjective Well-Being: Big Five Correlates and Demographic Variables.
Source:
Personality and Individual Differences, 2005, Vol. 38, 1561 - 1569

Investigation

Public:
Nursing professionals, 7 hospitals, Madrid, Spain, 2002
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Probability systematic sample
Respondents:
N = 236
Non Response:
0
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Questionnaire (according to number of possible participants) delivered to departmental supervisors, respondents were given two weeks to complete, telephone follow-up to supervisors until all questionnaires were completed.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
subjective well-being
Remarks:
General score on affect balance can be computed = positive affect - negative affect + 5

PA: M = 2.52, SD = 1.34
NA: M = 0.92, SD = 1.16
Page in publication:
1561
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.59
SD:
1.92

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Sex Sex (male vs female) Age Current age (in years) Relationship status Married state (compared to non-married states) Neuroticism Neurotic Extraversion Extraverted Openness Open Agreeableness Agreeable Conscientiousness Conscientious