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Studies

Gavian (2011): study US 2010

Publication

Author(s):
Gavian, M.
Title:
The Effects of Relaxation and Gratitude Interventions on Stress Outcomes
Source:
PHD dissertation, 2011, School of the University of Minnesota, Minesota, USA

Investigation

Public:
Student participants in a psychological training, USA, 2010
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability self-selected
Respondents:
N = 247
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: web

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 20 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you feel this way right now:
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  exiled
I   ashamed
J   guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:  
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score   (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson's PANAS ('moment' version)
Classification:
A-BW-m-mq-v-5-a
Author's label:
Positive affect and negative affect
Remarks:
Affect Balance computed by WDH-team, subtracting NA from PA
Page in publication:
28 and 30
Error estimates:
Cronach's alpha Positive affect: 0.90 - 0.94 Negative affect: 0.84 - 0.86
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -40 - 40 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.24

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Gratitude and Relaxation Interventions Gratitude training
Online intervention
Happiness training