Garber (1971): study US California 1970
- Garber, D.L.
- Retired Soldiers in Second Careers: Self-Assessed Change, Reference Group Salience, and Psychological Well-Being.
- Unpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Southern California, 1971, USA
- Middle-aged, presently employed army retirees, California, USA, 1970
- N = 362
- Non Response:
- 63% of which 21% no return of questionnaire, 13% incomplete and 29% refusal
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly excited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?
Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
- Author's label:
- Psychological well-being.
- Observed distribution
- 1: 0%, 2: 0%
- Summary Statistics
- On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
- 5.97 6.20
Advancement in current job
Perceived effects of change in militairy life
Self-definition in terms of earlier job