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Studies

Froh et al. (2009a): study US 2006

Publication

Author(s):
Froh, J.J.; Kashdan, T.B.; Ozimkowski, K.M.
Title:
Who Benefits the Most from a Gratitude Intervention in Children and Adolescents? Examining Positive Affect as a Moderator.
Source:
The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2009, Vol. 4, 408 - 422

Investigation

Public:
8-19 aged participants in a gratitude intervention and controls, USA, 200?
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability purposive sample
Respondents:
N = 89
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 30 questions.

This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past few weeks?
A   Interested
B   Sad
C   Frightened
D   Alert
E   Excited
F   Ashamed
G   Upset
H   Happy
I    Strong
J   Nervous
K   Guilty
L   Energetic
M   Scared
N   Calm
O   Miserable
P   Jittery
Q   Cheerful
R   Active
S   Proud
T   Afraid
U   Joyful
V   Lonely
W  Mad
X   Fearless
Y   Disgusted
Z   Delighted
AA Blue
AB Daring
AC Gloomy
AD Lively

Answer options:
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): B, C, F, G, J, K, M, O, P, T, V, W, Y, AA, AC
Positive affect score   (PAS):A, D, E, H, I, L, N, Q, R, S, U, X, Z, AB, AD
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

Name: Watson et al's PANAS. Adapted for children by Laurent et al. (Version PANAS-C)
Classification:
A-AB-cm-mq-v-5-e
Author's label:
Positive and negative affect
Remarks:
Baseline scores. Affect Balance (positive affect minus negative affect) computed by WHD team
Page in publication:
414
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -60 - 60 On range 0-10
Mean:
23.59

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Gratitude intervention Gratitude training
Change in thankfulness
Exercise