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Studies

Freeman et al. (1986): study US 1979

Publication

Author(s):
Freeman, M.; Csikszentmihalyi, M.; Larson, R.
Title:
Adolescence and its Recollections: Toward an Interpretive Model of Development.
Source:
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 1986, Vol. 32, 267 - 185

Investigation

Public:
Adolescents, USA followed 2 years, 1979-1981
Sample:
Probability stratified sample
Respondents:
N = 27
Non Response:
0
Assessment:
Experience sampling
Each respondent filled out self-report forms in response to signals occurring once every 2 hours (randomly generated) from 7:30 in the morning to 10:30 on weekday evenings and until 1:30 a.m. on Friday and Saturday for the duration of 1 week at T1 and T2.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report of momentary affect, repeated every 2 hours during two weeks

Lead question not reported
A  Happy vs Sad
B  Friendly vs Angry
C  Cheerful vs Irritable
D  Sociable  vs Lonely

Rated on 7 step numerical scale (semantic differential)
Classification:
A-ASA-mi-mqr-n-7-b
Author's label:
Affect
Remarks:
Random beeps from 7:30 in the morning to 10:30 on weekday evenings and until 1:30 a.m. on Friday and Saturday.
Average on range 1-7 computed by WDH team from reported values on range 1-28: 19,29 at T1 and 18,90 at T2.
Page in publication:
174
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 7 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.77

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Changes in immediate experience from T1 to T2. Past happiness ( 1 to 10 years ago)