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Studies

Fordyce (1972): study US 1971

Publication

Author(s):
Fordyce, M.W.
Title:
Happiness, its Daily Variation and its Relation to Values.
Source:
Unpublished PhD Dissertation, U.S. International University, 1972, San Diego, California, USA

Investigation

Public:
University students, USA, 1971
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 86
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
And content analysis

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question, repeated every evening before retiring during 3 weeks (experience sampling).

"On the average, how happy or unhappy did you feel today....?"
1   Extremely unhappy. Utterly depressed. Completely down.
2   Very unhappy. Depressed. Spirits very low.
3   Pretty unhappy. Somewhat 'blue'. Spirits down.
4   Mildly unhappy. Just a little low.
5   Barely unhappy. Just this side of neutral.
6   Barely happy. Just this side of neutral.
7   Mildly happy. Feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful.
8   Pretty happy. Spirits high. Feeling good.
9   Very happy. Feeling really good. Elated.
10  Extremely happy. Feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic.

Name: Wessman & Ricks' `Elation - Depression Scale" (adapted version)
Classification:
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Error estimates:
External congruent validity: in pilot study the happiness scale produced a much greater range of responding than did the orginal Wessman & Ricks scale. The scales intercorrelated +.93 (001).
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.80 6.40
SD:
1.15
Full text:
Selfreport on three questions:

'On the average, what percentage of the time d you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%)
1  happy
2  unhappy
3  neutral

Name: Fordyce % happy scale
Variant: % unhappy
Classification:
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-ab
Author's label:
Daily mood
Error estimates:
Equivalence: % happy mood x % unhappy mood : r = -.67 (.01) % happy mood x % in neutral mood : r = -.72 (.01) % unhappy mood x % neutral mood : r = -.02 (ns)

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Mood variability, day to day Variability of affects Number of happy moods per day A-ARE by A-ARE
A-AB by A-ARE
Number of unhappy moods per day A-ARE by A-ARE
Feeling down (vs not)
Relative affect balance_B A-ARE by A-ARE
A-AB by A-ARE
Male sex Sex (male vs female) Relative affect balance_A A-ARE by A-ARE
A-AB by A-ARE
Absolute affect balance A-ARE by A-ARE
A-AB by A-ARE
Instrumental values Instrumental values Terminal values Instrumental values Personal values_B General value-principles
Happiness, pleasure (hedonic values)
Self-development (self-actualizing values)
Nurturance (caring)
Success
Personal values_A Educational values
Social values
Value dimensions General value-principles Ways to live General value-principles
Happiness, pleasure (hedonic values)
Day of week (Monday, Tuesday, etc.) Day of the week 'Special' day Special day