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Studies

Fleming et al. (2016): study NZ 2008

Publication

Author(s):
Fleming, C.M.; Ambrey, C.L.; Manning, M.
Title:
Crime, Greenspace and Life Satisfaction: An Evaluation of the New Zealand Experience.
Source:
Landscape and Urban Planning, 2016, Vol. 149, 1 - 10

Investigation

Public:
15+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 2008 - 2012
Survey name:
NZ-GSS1
Sample:
Probability multi-stage random
Respondents:
N = 22727
Non Response:
3006
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Residents were randomly selected to answer the household and personal questionnaire

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

Taken all things together, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? On the whole, would you say you are.....?
5  very satisfied
4  satisfied
3  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
2  dissatisfied
1  very dissatisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-g
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
4
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
4.08
SD:
0.85

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Fear of crime Perceived safety in vinicity Experienced a violent crime Change: recently victimized
Victim of crime
Experienced a non-violent crime Change: recently victimized
Victim of crime
Access to greenspace Local nature Satisfied with greenspace Attitudes to quality of local environment Age Current age (in years) Male Sex (male vs female) Ethnicity Ethnic status in New Zealand Having one or more children CHILDREN: HAVING (parental status) Lone (single) parent Single parent Having a partner Married state (compared to non-married states) Education Level of school-education Unemployed Unemployed involuntary Working part-time Full-time vs part-time Not in labourforce Out of workforce Home-ownership House owned or rented Satisfied with free time Leisure aspirations Subjective availability of social support Current resources
Perceived availability of social support
SOCIAL SUPPORT: RECEIVED
Satisfaction with amount of contact with family Satisfaction with intimacy
Contacts with relatives
Feeling not isolated from others Frequency of intimate contacts
Satisfaction with socializing
Satisfaction with intimacy
Feeling lonely (vs not)
Voted in last general election Voting Did voluntary work Voluntary work, helping people Feel to belong to nation (NZ) Current identification with nation Feel they can express identity Current absence of restrictions (social freedom) Living too far from work Distance to work Living too far from amenities, work excluded Availability of amenities in vinicity Subjective noise problems Environmental quality
Attitudes to quality of local environment
Air pollution Region in New Zealand
Satisfaction with living conditions in nation
Satisfaction with access to facilities Satisfaction with amenities in vinicity Satisfaction with quality of facilities Satisfaction with amenities in vinicity Access to public transport Satisfaction with local transport Satisfaction with public transport Satisfaction with local transport Satisfaction with council services Satisfaction with local politics
Public goods and services in vinicity
Satisfaction with local services
Access to water bodies Satisfaction with local recreation Satisfaction with state of water bodies Attitude to local natural environment