Feller et al. (2013): study DE 1994


Feller, S.; Kaaks, R.; Teucher, B.
Life Satisfaction and Risk of Chronic Diseases in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition {EPIC)-Germany.
PLoS ONE 8(8): e73462


35-65 aged, general population, Germany, followed 4 years1994-2008
Survey name
EU-EPIC (Europ. Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition) 1994-1998
Probability multistage stratified area sample
N =
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
Baseline instruments to collect several aspects on diet and life-style included self-administered questionnaires, PC-guided interviews and physical examinations

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

Please tell me how satisfied you are with your life overall. Would you say that you are..
4  very satisfied
3  mostly satisfied
2  mostly dissatisfied
1  very dissatisfied
-  don't know
Author's label:
Mean computed by WDH-team.

In the analysis rather and very unsatisfied respondents  were merged to unsatisfied, since only 1.4% of the respondents reported to be 'very unsatisfied'. 'Don't know' and 'Not specified' answers were treated as missing and deleted from the analysis (n=47, 0.1%)
Page in publication:

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Age Current age (in years) Body Mass Index (BMI) Body Mass Index (BMI) Physical activity Active involvement in sports Smoking Use of tobacco
Earlier use of tobacco
Highest school level Level of school-education
Vocational education
Family status Married state (compared to non-married states) Prevalent myocardial infarction Diseases of circulatory system (i00-99) Prevalent stroke Stroke (i64) Prevalent cancer Neoplasms (cancer) (c00-d48) Prevalent type2 diabetes mellitus Diabetes (e10-14) Prevalent hypertension Hypertensive diseases (i10-15) Total energy intake How much one eats Consumption of vegetables and fruits (g/day) What one eats
Healthy eating
Consumption of whole grain bread (g/day) What one eats
Healthy eating
Consumption of red meat (g/day) What one eats
Healthy eating
Alcohol consumption (g/day) Use of alcohol Occupation Current employment status
Unemployed involuntary
Full-time vs part-time
Current status: retired or not
Later cancer Neoplasms (cancer) (c00-d48)
Later illness
Later diabetes type 2 Diabetes (e10-14)
Later illness
Later stroke (cardio-vascular) Stroke (i64)
Later illness
Later myocardial infarction Ischemic heart diseases (i20-25)
Later illness