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Studies

Feather & O'Brien (1986): study AU 1980

Publication

Author(s):
Feather, N.T.; O'Brien, G.E.
Title:
A Longitudinal Study of the Effects of Employment and Unemployment on School-Leavers.
Source:
Journal of Occupational Psychology, 1986, Vol. 59, 121 -144

Investigation

Public:
School-leavers, Australia, followed 2 years,1980-1982
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5446
Non Response:
T2: 25%, T3: 34%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed orr administered in the schools.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on 4 questions:

How do you see yourself in general....?
A  'happy' to 'sad',
B  'elated' to 'depressed',
C  'tensed' to 'relaxed'
D  'satisfied' to 'dissatisfied'.

Scoring: each item scored on bi-polar 7 step numerical scale.
Summation: scores added; possible range 4-28
Classification:
A-AOL-g-mq-n-24-a
Author's label:
Depressive affect.
Remarks:
Scores reversed (in original report high scores indicated unhappiness)

Scores at T3
Employed :      M = 11,60  Ms = 6.50
Unemployed:   M =   9,91  Ms = 5,80
Page in publication:
126
Error estimates:
Reliability: Equivalence: employeds _ = +.75 unemployeds _ = +.80 Validity:
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%,   10: 0%,   11: 0%,   12: 0%,   13: 0%,   14: 0%,   15: 0%,   16: 0%,   17: 0%,   18: 0%,   19: 0%,   20: 0%,   21: 0%,   22: 0%,   23: 0%,   24: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 4 - 28 On range 0-10
Mean:
1132.00 6.38

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Unemployment. Change in employment Male sex Sex (male vs female)