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Studies

Emmons & McCullough (2003): study US 1998

Publication

Author(s):
Emmons, R.A.; McCullough, M.E.
Title:
Counting Blessings versus Burdens: an Experimental Investigation of Gratitude and Subjective Well-Being in Daily Life.
Source:
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2003, Vol. 84, 377 - 389

Investigation

Public:
Students, participating in a gratitude excercise, USA, 1998
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 166
Non Response:
Assessment:
Diary

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport  on 30 questions repeated  14 days

To what extent did you feel today,,
A interested
B distressed
C excited
D alert
E irritable
F sad
G stressed
H ashamed
I happy
J grateful
K tired
L upset
O strong
P nervous
Q guilty
R joyful
S determined
T thankful
U calm
V  attentive
X  forgiving
Y hostile
Z energetic
Aa hopeful
Ab enthusiastic
Ac active
Ad afraid
Ae,proud
Af appreciative
Ag angry

Rated
1 not at all
2
3
4
5 very much

Computation:  (A+C+D+I+G+J+O+R+S+T+U+V+X+Z+Aa+Ab+Ac+AF)/17 - (B+E+F+G+H_+K+L+P+Q+Y+Ad+AG)/13
Classification:
A-AB-md-mqr-v-5-a
Author's label:
Mood
Page in publication:
379

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Counting blessings, hassles, and social comparison. Gratitude training
Count blessings/curses
Change in thankfulness
Exercise
School
Mandatory
Actual changes in happiness
Mono sort
Multiple treatment moments