print

Studies

Emmons & McCullough (2003): study US 1998 /1

Publication

Author(s):
Emmons, R.A.; McCullough, M.E.
Title:
Counting Blessings versus Burdens: an Experimental Investigation of Gratitude and Subjective Well-Being in Daily Life.
Source:
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2003, Vol. 84, 377 - 389

Investigation

Public:
Students in a wellbeing course, USA, 1998
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 192
Non Response:
Assessment:
Diary

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport  on 30 questions repeated  9 weeks

To what extent did you feel last week,,
A interested
B distressed
C excited
D alert
E irritable
F sad
G stressed
H ashamed
I happy
J grateful
K tired
L upset
O strong
P nervous
Q guilty
R joyful
S determined
T thankful
U calm
V  attentive
X  forgiving
Y hostile
Z energetic
Aa hopeful
Ab enthusiastic
Ac active
Ad afraid
Ae,proud
Af appreciative
Ag angry

Rated
1 not at all
2
3
4
5 very much

Computation:  (A+C+D+I+G+J+O+R+S+T+U+V+X+Z+Aa+Ab+Ac+AF)/17 - (B+E+F+G+H_+K+L+P+Q+Y+Ad+AG)/13
Classification:
A-AB-cw-mqr-v-5-a
Author's label:
mood
Page in publication:
379
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

How do you feel about your life as a whole during the last week.....?
7  delighted
6  pleased
5  mostly satisfied
4  mixed
3  mostly dissatisfied
2  unhappy
1  terrible

Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale'  (last week version)
Classification:
O-DT-cw-sq-v-7-a

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Counting blessings/hassles exercises Gratitude training
Thankfull
Count blessings/curses
Exercise
School
Mandatory
Multiple treatment moments
Mono sort