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Studies

Dykstra & Wagner (2007): study DE 1990

Publication

Author(s):
Dykstra, P.A.; Wagner, M.
Title:
Pathway to Childlessness and Late-Life Outcomes.
Source:
Journal of Family Issues, 2007, Vol. 26, 1487 - 1517

Investigation

Public:
70-100+ aged, West-Berlin, Germany 1990-1993
Sample:
Non-probability purposive-quota sample
Respondents:
N = 516
Non Response:
32%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews in 14 sessions that covered mental and physical health, psychological functioning and social and economic situation.

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

Taken all together, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life in general?
1  very dissatisfied
2  not satisfied
3  neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
4 satisfied
5  very satisfied
Classification:
O-SLu-g-sq-n-5-a
Author's label:
Life Satisfaction
Remarks:
Men: M = 3,8 (N=258); Women:M = 3,6 (N=258).
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.70

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Gender Sex (male vs female) Current age Age difference among elderly Never had children Ever had children (vs not)
Earlier life-change
Family career (family life-cycle)
Loss of children Death of children
Specific earlier life-events
Family career (family life-cycle)
Marital history/first, second, third marriage Earlier life-change
Still with first spouse
Retirement career (exit-age) Retirement career
Development of one's employment
Occupational history, upward mobility Occupational career
Earlier social mobility
Intra-generational mobility
Life History Summed effect of earlier conditions
Earlier life (antecedents of happiness)
Marital history/single vs in first marriage Life-long single Marital history/single after divorce Ever divorced/separated
Earlier life-change
Marital history/single after widowhood Ever widowed
Earlier life-change
Specific earlier life-events
Marital history/single after several marriages Earlier marital transitions
Earlier life-change