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Studies

Duckitt (1982): study ZA 1980

Publication

Author(s):
Duckitt, J.H.
Title:
Social Integration and Psychological Well-Being: A Study of Elderly Persons living in the Inner-City Area of Pretoria.
Source:
Humanitas, Republic of South Africa, 1982, Vol. 8, 121-129

Investigation

Public:
65-90 aged whites Pretoria, South Africa, 198?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 80
Non Response:
20%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
at home

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

Lead item not reported
[ 9 ]   best imaginable
[ 8 ]
[ 7 ]  
[ 6 ]
[ 5 ]  
[ 4 ]  
[ 3 ]  
[ 2 ]  
[ 1 ]    worst imaginable

Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
Classification:
C-BW-?-sq-l-9-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%,   8: 0%,   9: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 9 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.80 7.10
SD:
1.90
Full text:
Selfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Psychological well-being
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
6.80
SD:
2.10

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Health Degree of restriction Income Household income Affect Balance A-AB by C-BW Life satisfaction Adjustment to old-age inventories Scope of interaction Total number of intimate ties Age grading in interaction Perceived value-similarity with intimates Frequency of interaction Frequency of intimate contacts Exclusivity in interaction Size of intimate network