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Studies

Dobson (1985): study US 1964

Publication

Author(s):
Dobson, C.D.
Title:
Attitudes and Perceptions.
Source:
Powers, E.A.;et al,;Eds.: "Late Life Transitions", Kluwer, 1985, Dordrecht, Netherlands, 123 - 136

Investigation

Public:
50+ aged males, fulltime employed at T1, followed ten years, Iowa, USA, 1964-74
Sample:
Non-probability purposive-quota sample
Respondents:
N = 1870
Non Response:
T1 refusals: 8% T1-T2 drop-out: 29%, of which 20% deceased
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

How do you feel things have worked out for you generally?
4  very well
3  fairly well
2  not very well
1  not at all well
Classification:
M-CO-h-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
General sense of well-being
Remarks:
T1;  M = 3,52  SD = 0,54  Ms' = 8,40
T2;  M = 3,53  SD = 0,55  Ms' = 8,43
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 2%,   3: 43%,   4: 55%   (total 100%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.53 8.42
SD:
6.55

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding General sense of well-being Long term happiness (< 10 years ago) Age Age difference among elderly Employed status Full-time vs part-time Retirement Pre-retirement conditions Occupational group Earlier occupation Anomie Current anomy Life-satisfaction Adjustment to old-age inventories Self-esteem Evaluation of self-as-a-whole Political cynism Perceived political control Approval for political interventions Social reform: radical reform vs consolidation