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Studies

Diener et al. (1995c): study US 1991

Publication

Author(s):
Diener, E.; Fujita, F.; Smith, H.L.
Title:
The Personality Structure of Affect.
Source:
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1995, Vol. 69, 130 - 141

Investigation

Public:
College students, USA, 1991-1992
Sample:
Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents:
N = 212
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Mixed methods:questionnaire, informant rating and experience sampling

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport of daily mood on 24 questions

'Please indicate how much of each emotion you felt in the past month'
A    LOVE
Aa  Affection
Ab  love
Ac  caring
Ab  fondness
B    JOY
Ba  joy
Bb  happiness
Bc  contentment
Bd  pride
C    FEAR
Ca  fear
Cb  worry
Cc  anxiety
Cd  nervous
D    ANGER
Da  anger
Db  irritation
Dc  disgust
Dd  rage
E    SHAME
Ea  shame
Eb  guilt
Ec  regret
Ed  embarrassment
F   SADNESS
Fa  sadness
Fb  loneliness
Fc  unhappiness
Fd  depression

Answer options:
1  not at all
2  very slight
3  somewhat
4  moderate amount
5  much
6  very much
7 extremely much
Options presented horizontally

Computation:  average A+B minus average C+D+E+F
Classification:
A-BD3-cm-mqr-v-7-a
Author's label:
Sel-report of daily mood
Remarks:
Affect Balance Scale(ABS) was not reported. We computed ABS by substracting NA from PA
Page in publication:
135
Error estimates:
Alpha: Love = .85, Joy = .79, Fear = .84, Anger = .82, Shame = .78, Sadness = .80
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -6 - 6 On range 0-10
Mean:
-1.40
Full text:
Selfreport of daily mood on 24 questions

'Please indicate how much of each emotion you felt today'
A    LOVE
Aa  Affection
Ab  love
Ac  caring
Ab  fondness
B    JOY
Ba  joy
Bb  happiness
Bc  contentment
Bd  pride
C    FEAR
Ca  fear
Cb  worry
Cc  anxiety
Cd  nervous
D    ANGER
Da  anger
Db  irritation
Dc  disgust
Dd  rage
E    SHAME
Ea  shame
Eb  guilt
Ec  regret
Ed  embarrassment
F   SADNESS
Fa  sadness
Fb  loneliness
Fc  unhappiness
Fd  depression

Answer options:
1  not at all
2  very slight
3  somewhat
4  moderate amount
5  much
6  very much
7 extremely much
Options presented horizontally

Computation:  average A+B minus average C+D+E+F
Classification:
A-BD3-md-mqr-v-7-a
Author's label:
Daily experience sampling of mood
Remarks:
Affect Balance Scale (ABS) was not reported. We computed ABS by substracting NA from PA
Page in publication:
135
Error estimates:
Alpha: Love = .93, Joy = .80, Fear = .91, Anger = .91, Shame = .94, Sadness = .93
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -6 - 6 On range 0-10
Mean:
-0.18
Full text:
Rating by family and peers of daily mood on 24 questions

'Please indicate how much of each emotion Ss felt today'
A    LOVE
Aa  Affection
Ab  love
Ac  caring
Ab  fondness
B    JOY
Ba  joy
Bb  happiness
Bc  contentment
Bd  pride
C    FEAR
Ca  fear
Cb  worry
Cc  anxiety
Cd  nervous
D    ANGER
Da  anger
Db  irritation
Dc  disgust
Dd  rage
E    SHAME
Ea  shame
Eb  guilt
Ec  regret
Ed  embarrassment
F   SADNESS
Fa  sadness
Fb  loneliness
Fc  unhappiness
Fd  depression

Answer options:
1  not at all
2  very slight
3  somewhat
4  moderate amount
5  much
6  very much
7 extremely much
Options presented horizontally

Computation:  average A+B minus average C+D+E+F
Classification:
A-BD3-g-rdv-v-7-a
Author's label:
Informant reports of daily mood
Remarks:
Affect Balance Scale ABS) was not reported. We computed ABS by substracting NA from PA
Error estimates:
Alpha: Love = .90, Joy = .77, Fear = .84, Anger = .85, Shame = .82, Sadness = .87
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%,   7: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range -6 - 6 On range 0-10
Mean:
-1.42

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Methods Method of interrogation