Diener et al. (1993): study US 1971
- Diener, E.; Diener, M.; Sandvik, E.; Seidlitz, L.
- The Relationship between Income and Subjective Well-Being: Relative or Absolute?
- Social Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 28, 195 - 223
- 25-74 aged general public, United States, 1971-1984
- Survey name:
- Unnamed study
- Selection from general population sample
- N = 4942
- Non Response:
- Interview: face-to-face
Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings
- Full text:
Self report on 8 questions
A Have you been under or felt you were under any strain, stress or pressure during the past month?
B Have you been anxious, worried, or upset during the past month?
C Have you been feeling emotionally stable and sure of yourself, during the past month?
D How relaxed or tense have you been during the past month?
E How depressed or cheerful have you been, during the past month?
F How have you been feeling in general during the past month?
G How happy, satisfied or pleased have you been with your personal life, during the past month?
H How much energy, pep, vitality have you felt, during the past month?
Rating: 0-5 scale with verbally labeled response options
Computation: (C+F+G+H) - (A+B+D+E)
Name: Shortened General Wellbeing Schedule (GWB)
- Author's label:
- Page in publication:
- Error estimates:
- Cronbach Alpha at T1: .84; T2: .78 T1-T2 correlation: r = +.47 (0.01)
- Observed distribution
- 1: 0%, 2: 0%, 3: 0%, 4: 0%, 5: 0%, 6: 0%
- Summary Statistics
- On original range 0 - 0 On range 0-10
Change in income level
Ethnic status in the USA
Level of school-education