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Studies

Diener et al. (1993): study US 1971

Publication

Author(s):
Diener, E.; Diener, M.; Sandvik, E.; Seidlitz, L.
Title:
The Relationship between Income and Subjective Well-Being: Relative or Absolute?
Source:
Social Indicators Research, 1993, Vol. 28, 195 - 223

Investigation

Public:
25-74 aged general public, United States, 1971-1984
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Selection from general population sample
Respondents:
N = 4942
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on 8 questions

A Have you been under or felt you were under any strain, stress or pressure during the past month?
B  Have you been anxious, worried, or upset during the past month?
C  Have you been feeling emotionally stable and sure of yourself, during the past month?
D  How relaxed or tense have you been during the past month?
E  How depressed or cheerful have you been, during the past month?
F  How have you been feeling in general during the past month?
G  How happy, satisfied or pleased have you been with your personal life, during the past month?
H   How much energy, pep, vitality have you felt, during the past month?

Rating: 0-5 scale with verbally labeled response options

Computation: (C+F+G+H) - (A+B+D+E)

Name: Shortened General Wellbeing Schedule (GWB)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-6-a
Author's label:
well-being
Page in publication:
202
Error estimates:
Cronbach Alpha at T1: .84; T2: .78 T1-T2 correlation: r = +.47 (0.01)
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 0%,   2: 0%,   3: 0%,   4: 0%,   5: 0%,   6: 0%
Summary Statistics
On original range 0 - 0 On range 0-10
Mean:
37.85

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Income Household income
Change in income level
Ethnic status in the USA
Level of school-education
Happiness Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)